From the dry interior of Australia to the temperate coastal areas, bilbies were common, found across about 70% of Australia, now that has reduced to them only being found across approximately 14% of the country.
Changes in their habitat has seen their range reduced and their status listed as 'vulnerable'. The greatest threat to the bilby is the Red fox as well as other predators including feral cats. Bilbies are also now in competition with introduced animals and the increasing demand for agricultural land. Sheep, rabbits and cattle graze on the same plants. Even changing fire patterns have contributed to their demise in certain areas; this is due to the impact on the type and availability of their food sources. This has all led to only isolated populations surviving in pockets of arid regions throughout Australia.